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欧盟重新评估氯化物作为食品添加剂的安全性

  据欧盟食品安全局(EFSA)消息,欧盟食品添加剂和调味剂小组( FAF )重新评估了氯化物(e507-509,E 511)作为食品添加剂的安全性。

  评估的氯化物包括盐酸(hydrochloric acid)(E 507)、氯化钾(potassium chloride)(E 508)、氯化钙(calcium chloride)(E 509)和氯化镁(magnesium chlor)(E 511)。通过评估,欧盟专家小组得出结论认为,以上氯化物在目前的授权使用水平中不存在安全问题。

  部分原文报道如下:

  The Panel on Food Additives and Flavourings added to Food (FAF) provided a scientific opinion re‐evaluating the safety of chlorides (E 507-509, E 511) as food additives. Chlorides are authorised food additives in the EU in accordance with Annex II and III to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008. In the non‐ brand‐loyal scenario, mean exposure to chlorides (E 507-509, E 511) as food additives ranged from 2 mg/kg body weight (bw) per day in the elderly to 42 mg/kg bw per day in toddlers. The 95th percentile of exposure ranged from 5 mg/kg bw per day in the elderly to 71 mg/kg bw per day in toddlers. Chloride is an essential nutrient and after absorption is distributed to organs and tissues. The Panel considered chlorides to be of low acute oral toxicity and there is no concern with respect to genotoxicity and carcinogenicity. No effects were reported in developmental toxicity studies in rats following administration of magnesium chloride hexahydrate at 800 mg/kg bw per day.

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